PAMAGPAKASAKIT DING KAPAMPANGAN NENG KALELDWAN (Lenten Flagellation of the Kapampangans)

Kareting panatang mesabi, miyaliwa ing akit tamung pamagpakasakit ing akit karela: mamusan kurus o maglakad kilu-kilumetru maka-imalan Nazareno; mamusan kurus papalasan at ibabatbat karing sari sakit paldak at palupalu; gagapang kereng dalan malipugpug atnang kabatu; magsalibatbat alang patugut papaspasan gulut king dadayang sasayu; manambayuk dutung misna king kabayat nung nukarin bitis at gamat makatanikala la kaniti; mamusan kurus makayagpa king gulut da; magpatali o magpayatyat king makatalakad kurus o kaya, magpapaku pa at aliwa pa….

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The Kapampangan Surnames

THE KAPAMPANGAN SURNAMES

By Dr. Rodrigo M. Sicat

Glossary of Kapampangan Indigenous Surnames

Herewith are some of the numerous Kapampangan surnames culled and selected from various sources.

Intuitively and romantically, each surname is given a meaning that is proximate to its nature and etymology. The assignments of the meanings are mostly guided by the dictionary of Fr. Diego Bergano, from the epistemological and intuitive mastery of elderly Kapampangans about the language, from the feedbacks of Kapampangan scholars and academicians, and of the author’s romantic and meta–linguistic analysis of the surnames.

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POESIA KANG MISS CELERINA TURLA

POESIA KANG MISS CELERINA TURLA

ING WAMBI KUNG MAESTRA

(My Grade I Teacher)

A Tribute by Rodrigo M. Sicat

Bula’ning Hunyo petsang nineteen sixty four kanita

Inyang itang kanakung papel de baptisimo yang pelad nitang kanakung ima

Kang Miss Celerina Turla a pikabalwan king kaganaka ding sabla

At king pamanurung wambi alang anak ing e misaplala’t mitutula.

Ketang muna keng akit i Miss Turla atna kung takut ka ya

Bala ku rugu ena ku yural at akung tanggapan ketang klasi na

Uling Hunyo kanu dapat pitu na kung banua

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TARLAC PROVERBS, RIDDLES AND SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS

Tarlac is a landlocked province in Luzon with Tarlac City as its capital. It is considered as the first melting pot in Central Luzon if not in the entire archipelago.

 As such, the province enormously thrives with varieties of cultures, which is why, the culture is predominantly a chemistry of Kapampangan, Ilokano, Pangasinense and Tagalog. The blend is largely due to its history and geographical borderlines.   

 It is a province colored with merry people and languages. As border languages speakers, the usage of the verbal and written language today may seem not to be as puritan as that of the pioneering settlers, yet, are instinctively spoken by the contemporary Tarlakenos.

 Corollary, classical culture vis-à-vis mores, norms, knowledge, customs and traditions are still evident. The following are cultural examples that are germane among the people these days:  

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TOPONOMY OF TARLAC TOWNS AND VILLAGES

Reminiscent of the indigenous origin of Tarlac, most of its towns and villages are aboriginally named based on faunal, floral and geographical nature. The place-names indicate the pre-historic conditions of Tarlac. The names also provide the ingenuity of the early people of Tarlac as regards their way of life, traditions, customs, mores, and other cultural elements that helped configured their identity, what Tarlac is about nowadays. This is toponomy, the study of the origins and meanings of Tarlac towns and villages. It is note worthy that some Tarlac names of places contain stories (contrary to tales and myths), which serve as empirical groundwork in laying the foundation of the unknown ancient roots of Tarlac as a unique and multi-dimensional province.

 Tarlac

 Tarlac (Themeda arundinacea (Roxb.) Ridl.) is species of wild grass that selectively and abundantly grows in moist and sloping hilly areas. The reed is aboriginally called tallak and is popularly known tanglar among Ilocanos and malatarlak to the Kapampangans. The word Tarlac is an orthographic term probably used by the Spaniards. The early orthography of the Filipinos uses k instead of c. Letter c is Spanish in origin. 

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